Why Were Arab Leaders Upset by the Sykes-Picot Agreement

The Sykes-Picot Agreement is a historical event that marked the beginning of a new era in the Middle East. It was an agreement signed by the British and French governments in 1916, which aimed to divide the Ottoman Empire`s territories into spheres of influence. The agreement was named after its two main architects, Sir Mark Sykes of Britain and Francois Georges-Picot of France.

The agreement was a secret, and it was not until after World War I that its details were made public. The agreement drew borders across the Middle East, dividing the Ottoman Empire`s territories into areas of influence for the British and the French. This division was done without the involvement of the Arab leaders, who were promised independence in exchange for their support in the war against the Ottoman Empire.

The Arab leaders were outraged by the Sykes-Picot Agreement because it violated the promises made to them during the war. They felt betrayed by the British and the French, who had promised them independence but were now dividing the territories among themselves. The Arab leaders also saw the agreement as an attempt to undermine their power and influence in the region.

The Sykes-Picot Agreement created artificial states that did not take into account the region`s ethnic and religious diversity. It ignored the fact that the Arab world was made up of various groups with different cultures, traditions, and languages. As a result, the agreement created states that were inherently unstable and prone to conflict.

Moreover, the Sykes-Picot Agreement was a symptom of the imperialistic ambitions of the British and the French. It was an attempt to control the oil-rich territories of the Middle East and secure their economic interests. The agreement marked the beginning of the era of foreign domination in the region, which lasted for decades and resulted in many conflicts.

In conclusion, the Arab leaders were upset by the Sykes-Picot Agreement because it violated the promises made to them during the war. The agreement created artificial states that did not take into account the region`s ethnic and religious diversity and was a symptom of the imperialistic ambitions of the British and the French. The agreement marked the beginning of the era of foreign domination in the region, which had far-reaching consequences for the Middle East.